The number one most important way to be prepared as a survivalist is planning. If you’ve ever gone to a supermarket before a hurricane or blizzard, you know how quickly stores turn to chaos, as aisles become bare, and every last item is bought. The most important survival foods are the first to go, like bottled water and nonperishables. The roads become packed with bumper-to-bumper traffic, leaving worried residents wondering if they will get out in time. Being prepared can help you avoid the danger and chaos.
Food and Water
Depending on what you are preparing for, your food supply may need to last you anywhere from a few days or a few months. You may be able to cook meals in a safe place or eat food as you travel. Clean water is absolutely essential to survival. Humans can only go a few days without water. Unclean or contaminated water can quickly lead to illness or disease. Water can be very heavy, which is okay if you are staying in one place, but if you plan on being mobile, you need to map out fresh water sources along the way. Water can be purified with tablets or travel water filters.
Where are you going to go? If you have a safe place in your house, make sure it can be ready quickly if there is little warning of the disaster. Make a checklist of everything you need and take inventory, rationing the correct amounts for each person. If you will need to go to another location, how will you get there? If you are traveling by car, be prepared for traffic and the possibility of the gas stations running out. Can your shelter be used for any season and endure the elements? Severe weather can turn deadly, fast. How many people will be with you? Can you fit them all in your shelter? If you need to build a shelter, do you have all of the tools you need?
A first aid kit is very important for treating any injuries that may occur during traveling or any accidents. Important contents for a first aid kit are ibuprofen, antihistamines, antiseptic ointment, Band-Aids, gauze, wraps, slings, antibacterial wipes, tweezers, needle and thread, insect bite treatment, and duct tape.
During a disaster, chaos can turn violent. Self-defense may come in handy if resources become scarce. Looters try to find food and other essentials from homes. Riots often break out. You could come across robbers while traveling to your shelter. Do you have any weapons to defend yourself or your family? If something happens to you, does everyone in your group know self-defense and how to use the weapons?
Clothing and toiletries
Proper clothing is important for various weather conditions. You may not be able to wash your clothes, and dirty clothes can make life uncomfortable and unsanitary. Jackets for the cold or rain are very important. Proper shoes are needed for walking or climbing. Prepare enough clothing for any weather conditions, layers that can be taken off or put back on. The more clothes you can wear, the less you will have to carry. If you’re staying put in a shelter, clean clothes will help make you feel comfortable.
Preparation and planning are essential for survival during an emergency. Some disaster situations do not give much warning, and time becomes precious. People tend to panic during emergencies and the panic can lead to safety hazards, lack of resources, and congestion. Being prepared allows you to make sure you have enough food and water and can get to a safe area before the disaster strikes.